Facts About Taunton, Massachusetts
Taunton is a city in Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States. It is the seat of Bristol County. Taunton is situated on the Taunton River which winds its way through the city on its way to Mount Hope Bay, 10 miles (16 km) to the south. At the 2010 census, the city had a population of 55,874. Thomas Hoye Jr. is the current mayor of Taunton, and has held the position since 2012. Founded in 1637 by members of the Plymouth Colony, Taunton is one of the oldest towns in the United States. The Native Americans called the region Cohannet, Tetiquet and Titicut before the arrival of the Europeans. Taunton is also known as the "Silver City", as it was a historic center of the silver industry beginning in the 19th century when companies such as Reed & Barton, F. B. Rogers, Poole Silver, and others produced fine-quality silver goods in the city.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 48.4 square miles (125.4 km²), of which 46.4 square miles (120.1 km²) is land and 1.7 square miles (4.4 km²), or 3.53%, is water. It is the third-largest city by area in Massachusetts, after Boston and Barnstable. Taunton has one major river, the Taunton River, along with its tributaries including the Mill River and the Three Mile River. The highest point in the city is near its southwest corner, with an elevation of 207 feet (63 m) above sea level. Prospect Hill, rising over Lake Sabbatia north of the downtown, has an elevation of 197 feet (60 m).
As of the census of 2000, there were 55,874 people, 22,045 households, and 14,473 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,200.1 people per square mile (463.7/km²). There were 22,908 housing units at an average density of 491.5 per square mile (189.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 83.67% (79.7% Non-Hispanic) White, 4.84% African American, 0.26% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 5.59% from other races, and 2.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.73% of the population. The city of Taunton is very multicultural with peoples of different origins living within the city. 34% of the city is Luso-American. The biggest ethnic backgrounds people claim are 23% Portuguese,17% Irish, 9% English, 9% French, 8% Cape Verdean and 4% Puerto Rican. Most of Taunton's immigration occurred near the turn of the 1900s when immigrants would work in the city's mills.
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